Microsoft Word – Second paper assignment, PHI 14, Spring 2016.docx PHI 14 Section 7, Introduction to Ethics Second Paper Assignment Please write a 1200 word (give or take 200 words) paper that discusses what Utilitarianism, Kantianism, and Virtue Theory might have to say about one or the other of the two stories attached to this assignment page: one about Zoe Koplowitz, and one about Richie Incognito and Jonathan Martin. That is: discuss and analyze one case in terms of three moral theories. Your emphasis should be on showing understanding of the different theories by discussing how they illuminate the case you choose. Exploring some complexities (for instance, ways in which a theory might at first seem to indicate one view about a case, but on reflection might indicate a very different view) is a good idea. Papers are to be submitted to Turnitin (via a link on the course Blackboard site) by 11:59 pm on Monday, April 18. Make sure to double-space and leave 1” margins all around to facilitate comments. Your Own Words, Textual Evidence, and Proper Documentation: Doing this paper well requires making some use of textual evidence. Use a few brief quotations as appropriate, making sure to put each in quotation marks and to give a parenthetical citation for it. Here are a few examples of the format I want: “the unexamined life is not worth living” (Apology p. 39); “your actual desires rather than ideal desires are plausibly regarded as what determines how well you fare in life” (EL Heathwood p. 41); “What we want to tell such a person is this: change your desires!” (FE Shafer-Landau p. 57). But doing this paper well even more fundamentally requires developing your own understanding of ideas, and defending your own evaluations of those ideas. So make sure that you are not looking for quotations to tell their own story; use quotations (and also references to specific points and examples from the text) as evidence and as material for your explanations and arguments. Over-reliance on quotations, or on close paraphrase of the text or of class notes, will earn a poor grade. I'm not looking for you to do research in secondary sources for this paper; your paper should draw on material from FE Chapters 9, 10, 11, 12, and 17, EL Chapters 2, 8, 9, and 12, and our class discussions. But if you do make use of any secondary sources, whether books or web sites or notes for another class, you must include these sources on a Works Consulted page, and use quotation marks and page or other references appropriately. (No Works Consulted page is needed if you restrict yourself to the course texts.) You can also include brief quotations from the two attached stories; refer to them (for the sake of brevity) as “True Grit” and “Dolphins.” Honor Pledge: As the course syllabus notes, on each paper submitted, students in this course are required to include the short form of Hofstra’s Honor Pledge: “I pledge on my honor that I have done this work with honesty and integrity, without giving or receiving unauthorized assistance.” Including this pledge indicates awareness of the standards of academic integrity required of all students. Please include this pledge at the very start of your paper. (The 21 words of the pledge will be subtracted from your paper’s word count!) I do take plagiarism seriously, and will pursue, report, and penalize plagiarism when I find it; so make sure to do honest work, and to properly cite and credit any sources you use. 1st Story True grit: Woman with MS is last at NYC Marathon, a day later By Deepti Hajela, Associated Press Writer NEW YORK — When the elite athletes passed her, Zoe Koplowitz kept walking. When the hard-core runners went by, she kept walking. And, finally, when every other one of the thousands of people in the race had finished, she kept walking. Koplowitz crossed the finish line and completed her 20th New York City Marathon on Monday – just under 29 hours after she started. Wearing braces on her back and knee and using purple-painted crutches, Koplowitz walked the entire route, accompanied by supporters. The 59-year-old woman has multiple sclerosis and diabetes. "I'm just extremely grateful," she said after reaching the finish line in Central Park. "I don't get any younger, my MS doesn't get any better." She called crossing the finish line "a total blessing." Koplowitz, a motivational speaker, was diagnosed more than 30 years ago with multiple sclerosis, a degenerative disease of the central nervous system. She entered her first NYC Marathon in 1988 and made her best time – just under 20 hours. This year's effort was 28 hours, 45 minutes. The time doesn't matter to Koplowitz. She enjoys her unusual vantage point, which lets her see some of the world's best marathoners run by. "The best part is you get to be both a spectator and a participant," she said. Koplowitz started the 26.2-mile trek ahead of the main pack, this year at 6:30 a.m. Sunday, and pulled over to give the elite runners room. The women's winner, Paula Radcliffe, won in 2 hours, 23 minutes, 9 seconds, just nine months after giving birth. The men's winner, Martin Lel, finished in 2:09:04.