Tribes and tribal system

Tribes and tribal system puts a very influential impact on the Middle East’s relationship with east/west. The history shows that throughout the scope of the Middle East they suppose to possess a credible threat to the central government of the state. Tribalism is deeply penetrated and politically concentrated in the Middle East. 1.How does the presence of tribes in the Middle East complicate East/West relations and how can an understanding of the tribal system enhance East/West relations? 2. How has Islamic law attempted to adapt to modernity? We often hear about extreme applications of Islamic law in the media, but what can we learn about the day to day practice of Islam